Aaron Thomas:

The Caribbean Journal of a Royal Navy Seaman

June 1798 - July 1798

Journal pages 1 - 56

August 1798 - September 1798

Journal pages 56 - 123

October 1798 - November 1798

Journal pages 127 - 186

December 1798 - January 1799

Journal pages 190 - 227

February 1799 - March 1799

Journal pages 228 - 266

April 1799 - May 1799

Journal pages 267 - 310

June 1799 - July 1799

Journal pages 310 - 347

August 1799 - October 1799

Journal pages 348 - 366

[Date: October 1798 - November 1798. Pages: 127-186]

127

Journal from page One Hundred & Twenty Six

Wednesday the 3 October continued. At 6 PM the 3 liberty men came aboard in the Boat, in a dismal pickle, the Serjeant of Marines having been looking for them all day. Hilliard the Boatswain Mate had lost his Hatt, Jacket, Shoes, Waiscoate & Six Joes. -- half of Sailors are truly asses when ashore
        Last night Mr Taylor the Masters Mate, had stole out of his Chest Ten Joes & Twelve Dollars, he suspects Mr T the Midshipman to be the Theife, On Monday night the poor Mulatto french Boy, had Eight Dollars stole from out of his Jacket, which triffle he had saved by little Tayloring Jobs. -- There is not a night passeth but what two or three Theifts are committed

Thursday 4 October was ashore before Dinner, and came back time enough to dine, -- was short 10 Dollars in a Bill which I wanted to pay. -- Made application to the Leiutenant of Marines, Mr Fitz, Mr McLane & Mr Ridgeway; who all were ashore, for the loan of 10 Dollars, but being as all of them were out of Cash; by being ashore 3 days, not one of them had a Joe to spare
        A very great Surf on the Beach. -- Many of the men having broke their Liberty; -- non were permited to go on shore yesterday, or this day.

Friday 5 October. At 9 AM got under weigh. at 10 came aboard Mr Lane. Fitz, & Ridgeway, having been ashore 3 days, during which time they spent Ten Joes each. Lay too untill 11 AM when the Captain came aboard, and we made Sail to the Southward.

[sidenote: To preserve the Ship as much as possible all Candlesticks are to be held over the Ships sides in the Sun, that the Tallow grease may run on the Ships side and assist in preserving her &c -- NB Public orders

McLane the Gunner hided his boy with a Top Maul.]

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128

Journal from page one Hundred & Twenty Seven

Friday 5 October 1798 Continued. We have 3 men now in Irons for geting drunk. And this morning was put in Limbo also, Henry Smith a maintopman, for making an attempt to commit an unnatural crime, in the first watch, last night on the Forecastle upon the body of John Murray. -- The Murray that came out of the Concord
        At 6 PM saw a strang Sail coming down between Dondo and Montserrat. at 10 cleared Ship for action, the same strang sail being within Gunshot of us, she put before the wind, and we bore up also.

Saturday 6 October 1798. At daylight within less than 2 Guns shot of the Chace, which appeared to be a Frigate. at 5 A M gave her a Gun shoted, which she returned. and made more sail, and hoisted Danish Colours. At 7 AM gave her 2 Guns Shoted, which she returned also. -- Altho' so near the Chace; yet observing we neared her but very little, and that we were runing far to Leeward, the Captain determined to haul his wind & stand to the N W, which he did. -- we were at Quarters all night. And the Chace was; no doubt, a Danish Frigate, going down to St. Thomas's from Europe.
        At 11 AM saw a sail close in under the land of Saba. At 2 PM it falling little wind, the Green Cutter & Six Oared Cutter were hoisted out, and maned & armed with about 30 Sailors & Marines. At 3 PM they left the Ship in the 2 Boats, in order to go and try to cut the Vessel out, which was at Anchor under Saba. at Six saw the Boats close in with the land.

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129

Journal from p One Hundred & Twenty Eight

Saturday 6th October 1798 continued.

H orders to S
After night on your return, every five minutes you will cause a volley of small arms to be fired, by the Boats; that I may know were the Boats are. And on board I will display two lights at Main topmast head, occasionally show false fires, and burn Devils on the Gangway, that you may know how to steer for the Ship.
        At 1/2 past 8 PM; the Boats returned, they had boarded the Vessel, which was a Schooner, and lay at Anchor within ten yards of the shore, but she was a Sweede, from St. Batholomews; and was Turtling at Saba, to which former place, she meant to carry Water & Turtles. There was nothing in her but Ballast, and 4 white men, who were much frightened at seeing so many armed men jump aboard. -- our people left her, without molesting her.

Sunday 7th Oct. Beating Up, to Leeward of St. Kitts. At Breakfast questa Matina H, said that 40,000 men had already been killed in the Irish Rebellion, but that they were of that sort, which could be well spared as they were all well wishers to the french. -- yes says Spence exactly so Sir.
        At 2 PM stood close in before the Town in St. Eustatius, then Tacked, and stood to the Southward. At Sunset cloudy, and threatening weather. Harvey broke a Jar of Jelly, against the head of Jack his man, In return for which favour, Jack I am told put some Tallow Grease into a Jar of Preserved Ginger.

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132

Journal from page One Hundred & Thirty One

Thursday the 11th of October 1798 continued

        At 6 PM spoke a Sweedish Sloop, from St. Batholomews to Antigua laden with Lumber. -- The Pearl standing to Windward, going between Antigua & Guadulupe, -- Made Sail to the N under Topsails only, which are the Sails every Ship in this Country; ought to be under during the night.
        Our young Solomon says; that he repeats the Lords Prayer, and many pious Hyms every night, when in his cott, which I believe fully as much, as I would the circumstance, of being told; that the Archbishop of Canterbury particularly directed the Clergy of His Province, to see that all the youth of both sex's from the age of Eight; to the Sevententh year of their age, had the Newgate Kallendar in their possession. -- Whiting said; I say my Prayers also every night; what says Rowe more slam
        Cards in the Caben from 7 to half past 8 PM. Party; Rowe. Whiting, Sheppard & young Solomon.
No Prize taken yet; the cause I believe is, by reason of the Purser & Solomon saying their Prayers every night, which is a new thing amongst us.
        At 8 AM this morning, when we were firing some of the Main Deck Guns, to bring a Schooner too; a spark of fire flew upon the Quarter Deck, and set fire to a Cartrige which was inside a Box; in one of the recesses of the Capstan, by the exploision, the Box was burst, and some other damage done, Mr. Dyce and Mr Sheppard were a little hurt, but no person was within 3 yds of it; when it blew up.

Friday 12th October at 11 PM. The alarm of a person attempting to break open the Chest of Mr Taylor. he and Mr Craer held the Theife in the dark for some time, but he overed powered them & tumbled into the Cable Tier, where the Serjaent of

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133

Journal from page One Hundred and Thirty Two

Friday the 12 October 1798 continued

Serjeant of Marines caught him, and held him fast, untill a light came; when the Theife turned out to be Black Thomson who was formerly the Captains Cook. -- This fellow had observed Mr Taylor turn into his Hammock a little Tipsey, and judged that a deep sleep would be upon him, during the first part of the night, he thought that would be a good opportunity to Rob him, but it so happened that he was wide awake, when he attempted the Robery.

Saturday 13 October. Captain Harvey paid much attention to the circumstances of the Robery last night. The theife Thomson accused many people, of Robing Mr Taylor before, -- In Thompsons Pillow was found a Bag, containing 6 Joes, secreted there; being the produce of his former plundering, With money of Thomsons in other people hands, and the money in the Bag, it was proved that he had about 15 Joes, and all except Three; was plunder. a poor french Boy about Twenty days Back, lost 8 Dollars in little Bag from under his head, as he laid asleep, and the money which was found in Thomsons Pillow Case, was enclosed in this Identical Bag, which the Boy owned, as soon as he saw it
        At 10 AM Thomsons arms was lashed; the Ships Company formed a Lane all around the Waiste of the Ship, every man being provided with a Nettle, 2 Marines faced him with each a Bayonet pointed at the Theife, a Cord was thrown over the prisoners body, the ends of which were held behind by Two Quartermasters, Things being thus ordered he run the Gauntlet, every man striking him as he passed; the noise of which I thought at the time, resembled Reapers at work, when cuting Corn. After passing once round, he fainted and & droped down. -- The Surgeon threw some Hartshorn in his face, and he was ordered into Irons, to receive more punishment when his back recovers.
        At MD a strang Sail was seen crossing us. at 3 PM bore up & made all sail after the Chace, at 10 minutes past 3 the Chace bore up, and made Sail from us. -- at 6 still in Chace. and gaining fast on her. At 1/2 past 7 Shortened Sail, having lost sight of the Chace.

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134

A Sketch for a Log, kept by the Manager of an Estate, in the West Indias} I have the Island of Barbuda in in my Eye; generally,

10 October 1798 Betty Ceazer miscarryed, being the fruit of Turk the Angolian -- 2 Sheep died. The mongack field was robed last night of a bundle of Sugar Canes, suppose it to be done, by some of our own Negroes. Sent old Ned at the fort, his weekly allowance.
        Took out of the Store 1 Gallon of Rum, for my own use
        Ordered Babby to go up to Highland, and tell Gloston that he made no Signal; before the Vessel hove in sight yesterday. and if he did not look out better, I should send another Negro up: to take charge, and order him to feild work.
Ellins Boy, by Essex was Christianed by the name of Sterling Castle. as the father of Hook was a private doing duty there


138

                                                                                                Hilington 3 April 1798

Mio Caro omo
With all thanks to you for your long Letter, I now take pen in hand to answer it. I have your Letter now by me, and have shown it to all my acquaintance, who say it is very entertaining, I drank tea at Colonal Miles a few evenings ago, who tells me that it ought to be published, as it contains amany thing about the West Indias, Which he never before met with. I wish you were in a better situation, it is only to come home, and make yourself known, and a much better situation I am sure could be easyly procured for you. Your friends in Great St. Helens I am sure have intrest at the admiralty, your reasons for remaining in your present situation, are the strangest man could utter and such as I think, can never be of use to you, altho’ you say it may be of use to your prosperity; but Sir, let yourself take care of yourself, and prosperity I dare say will take care of themselves, as our ancestors have done before. everybody are soldiers now in England, as the French talke of visiting us, in our way down to this place from London, we stoped for some refreshment at Acton, and the Hostler, who baited our Horse, had on Soldiers cloathes, and the Waiter who brought us a little Negus unto the Parlour, was a Soldier also, but he said he was an Officer, being a Lieutenant in some Vollonteer Infantry Corps, so that if you were to leave the Navy, there is very little doubt but you might procure a Captain Commission in a foot Core, immediately. I have not seen Mr Barance for some time, but he is very well. Mr. Benj Carter is married to Miss Dives of Chalfont, and they are gone to live at Marlow. Mrs Kerfoot has had another little Girl, but it died the third day after its birth. Mr Brunker is dead and his Widdow continues the business. I shall ever be pleased to hear of your prosperity, and a continuance of your health, and whenever you return to England, I desire you will give me quick notice of it, that I may have a speedy opportunity of solicating your company at my house, either here, or in Town for you must have heavy sufferings, by your present great confinement, write soon. I will answer it. Mrs G desires her respects I did not get your letter until the 10 of Feby. - Adieu &c

                                                                        RG

received this Letter at Fort Royal the 20 July 1798


139

                                                                                        LapwingBasseterre12September1798
Worthy Sir
I am sorry my Letter was so long in geting into Middlesex, as it must have impressed your mind with a supposition of my having a large share of laziness, however, I assure you that I wrote by the first packet, after your favour came to hand, and I will assure you that so proud am I, of the honour of your correspondence that I will never neglect to answer yours, by the very first opportunity that offers. - The oblidging way in which you express yourself in regard to my calling at your House, when I arrive in England, is done in such away, that I must certainly think of it, when I come to England; and that too, for a great and very capital reason, which is, that I surely know of no House in Brittain, where I should be so well entertained, and so hospitably received. this is a sollid, but at the same time a very true remark. In regard to my situation, I must thank you, for your advice, but every man, has a set of Ideas; and some parts of them, generally are peculiar to himself. -- In my present situation, I can speak and walke with whom I like, but had I laid hold of the public situation which you hint at; I could not a done so, for had I spoken to persons in an inferior rank to myself, my Brother officers, would have said, that I acted deregoratory to my Character. Saint James, in his Epistle to his Bretheren says, Chapter 2 Verse 9. "If he have respects to persons, ye commit sin; and are convinced of the Law, as transgressors. -- Now was I a Purser, the moment I became one, I must bid advice, to ever saying a civil word, or ever giving a civil look, to any one of the men before the Mast, in presence of a superior Officer, for it is held in the Navy, to be a proof, of something shocking & bad, to speake to the men with civillity, and if you do, do it: your promotion is damed. now for my own part, I never am more happier, than when conversing with my inferiors, for from them I learn more of life, than I do by conversing with Officers, whose general talke is to abuse high & low, or every body whom they know. -- besides let my Ideas be what they will, I can never give, but on general sentiment at the Wardroom, or Gunroom table, and at the Captains Table, I must set 3 hours, to hear him talke of himself, and must never contradict a word he utters, but nod yes to everything he says, and do not you think this forced tacitity, is paying very dear, for a plate of Mutton, a Tumbler of Porter & Six glasses of wine. Then about our cruizings; Barbuda for a Comedy. West India Black Girls. DonLalanda and the Danish Vessels. Fort Bourbon Brigands from St Lucia at it &c. A T.

(Sent by the Tamer which left Tortola the 2 November, 1798)


140

Journal from page One Hundred & Thirty Seven

Wednesday 17th October 1798

At 4 AM. The Gunner having the Watch, and he being a little Tipsey, the Captain went on Deck and put the Ship about. four minutes after a sail was seen near the Lapwing. at 5 AM lost sight of the Sail. At 5 minutes past 5, saw the sail again, and gave Chace. At 6 AM spoke the Chace. She proved to be an American armed Ship, from Fort Royal, bound to Savanah in Giorgia. had been out 3 days, she was well prepared for a french privateer, having boarding Neting up, all round. -- Sent Mr Sheppard on board, had no particular news, hoisted in our Boat and made Sail.
At Midday St. Batholomew SW & S distant 15 Leagues.

Thursday 18 October Dined in the Caben. had Pease Soup, as hot with Kian as a Devil. A Capon boiled, by its taste I Judge the body before it was put into the pott had been used to swab the Decks with. a pair of Ducks roasted, with a part of their feathers on. A Neats Tongue quit raw, having been only diped in warm water, since it came out of the pickle Tub. Some good potatoes, and Rice discoloured by having Tar droped into it, when in the Kettle. had one bottle of good Madeira & one of good port.
        At 5 PM saw a strange Sail, gave Chace, at 7, lost sight of the Chace.
        Mr. Tildersley, & Dixon the Boatswain quarreled, and imployed in throwing Chairs, Water & Compasses & Quadrants at each other, the last article Dixon broke all to pieces.

Friday 19 October. At 9 AM saw a strang sail. gave Chace. at 10 about Ship. The Chace tacked also, she being to Windward At 7 PM lost sight of the Chace. The Sail was a french Privateer Brig, she got off, by keeping her wind, during the Chace we tacked 20 times, and the moment we ware in Stays, the Chace always put about, by which means she evaded us, and finally made her escape.

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141

Journal from page one Hundred and Forty

Saturday 20 October 1798. At 3 AM, a Squal. at 4 AM, one of the heaviest Squals, that I have met with, since I have been in the Ship. put the Ports on, and took every precaution against bad weather
        At Breakfast this morning H said it was possible the Brig which we Chaced yesterday, carrying a Press of Sail in order to avoid us, might been upset, in the violent Squal this morning. -- I think had we taken the Brig yesterday, some accident would a happened to her this morning in the Squal, for the Officer who was put in as Prize Master, would a been turned into his Cott, the Midshipman would a found some drop of stuff in an odd bottle, and having drank it, would doze: the men too, would a found something to drink, which would a put them a Dozing also; in which situation of things, the Squal would a catched them unprepared, -- and some accident would a been the result.

Sunday 21 October. At 15 minutes past 12 AM a Sail passed us, wore Ship, and gave Chace. at 2 spoke the Chace. She was a Sloop her name [blank] from the Coast of Africa, bound to Tortola with 90 slaves on board, in great destress, as every Soul on board, had been 2 days without anything to eat, and that on this day, (Sunday) they intended to cast Lotts amongst the Blacks, and each one. -- They left the coast on the Sixth of June, and had made no land since, we sent them on board, one Barrel of Beefe, and one Bag of Buiscuts, as they might make Tortola this evening, if the Breaze continued. -- They had no Candles in the Sloop for 3 weeks back. At 4 AM Left the Sloop, and made Sail.

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Journal from page One Hundred & forty Two

Monday 22 October 1798 continued. Saw the Cargo of fresh Slaves in Thomson's yard. On her Sister. Their Nakedness. on their sick being carryed. on the weomen on the words, "they are in good order by H.


146

                                                                                       Vanneau Basseterre St Kitts 29 Octobre 1798

Sir) Bearing in mind, quella there is qualche pleasure in hearing from an old friend. mio recollections de voi, compell me to give voi a line, for from you, and vostro family Io have received grandissimo favours. fancying to myself, quella were Io not to write, voi would think quella Io era morte it is near nuova anni sinca Io had la pleasure of seeing voi ultimo, and nuova anni dans una omi vita is a long tempo. However since I saw you, I have never been ill, but like the study oak in the Forest, I now stand firm & strong, although I have seen many a healthy young Tree perish, that I have stood about me. I have been in many foreign P since Io saw voi. Io have been in Denmark. Italy. Germany America, & spain, and this comes from me in the West Indias. I was in London, in last May was a Twelvemonth, and conversed with a daughter of Mr Smiths; your neighbor, she gave me many particulars concerning your family, and I should certainly a wrote to Longden, but learning that my worthy friend, your mother was dead: -- I desisted from writing. -- poor weoman. -- the many pleasant days that I have so profitably spent in her company at Longden: hearing her charitable, and good advice. -- evinceth me, that she now is a happy weoman indeed. -- in another place. In writing now Io have no oltro motivo dans view, dunque merely quella, of leting voi conosco quella Io am alive et ben doing. -- Io have been in questa P Setedcci mesi, et propose to leave it for Ingellaterre in next May, so that I may arrive in England in the following August. I came to the West Indias in the Concord frigate, and have exchanged fora of her, into La Vanneau, La proffitto of mio situation is upo an average vicino Due Centi per anni, dopo deducting tutti mio expences. I still continue unmarryed, and I doth not know, but what on my arrival in England, should I meet with an old widdow: very rich, and very ugly, but what I might venture on matrimoney. The Climate of this Country is entirely different to what it is in England, here is no winter, the day & nights are nearly of the same length all the year. Trees are always green. The Sheep have hair, like your Cattle. The Sun is so hot, that there is no staring out in it, from 9 a Clk in the morning untill 5 in the evening. Bees brought to these Islands ceaze to labor after the first year, and will no longer gather Honey, as the Shrub & flowers, blossom always, and consiquently they have always food in every month of the year. The Ants also lay up no winter store here. The lands are tilled by the Black people, brought from Africa who do the work here, which Horses do in England. -- When a Cargo of these Black people arrive from Africa, they are chained and exposed for Sale, in the same manner as you expose Sheep & Pigs at Shrewsbury Fairs. --I have seen them on these occasions, primed with Ginger, exactly in the same manner, as you prime a Horse, before you lead him into the fair to be sold. And if any of these poor creatures are so old, as to have grey hairs in their heads; the Slave Dealer on the morning of Sale, will rub his head over, with an Ointment, that will hide his grey hairs for several days. After such a longo absence, it is impropper for me to mention any nomi, or say chi Io sho’d, bramare to be memomento too. -- Was I at Shrewsbury, and intended to viset Longden, I should first call at Ponsbury in my way, I would there go into the Churchyard. --and see who of my acquaintance had taken leave of their earthly habitation. Then on my arrival at Longden, I sho’d not wound your feelings, by asking after those who had paid the debt of nature. I think

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147

T T of Longdens Letter from p One Hundred & forty Six

I think it very probable, that I shall be in England again in next August, in which case, I shall go to see my Mother at Wigmore, and from thence, I shall got to Presteign to see my Sister Lewis: if I make this rout, which is very likely, I shall make my way back to London, through Shrewsbury; and consequently I may indeavour to see you, and your relations at Longden, or in Shrewsbury most heartyly hoping you are well at this period, and that you have been well for a long length of time back, I subscribe myself your humble & favoured Servant &c -- A T

NB was franked by H, and sent by the Tamer who left Basseterre the 30 October 1798, And I since she, that she anchored at Plymouth on the 23 of December following

                                                                                       Vanneau, Basseterre St. Kitts 29th October 1798

According to my promise, in mio Lettera de la Sete de Septembre Io agora mandata voi quatro G. as Io have prevailed on the kindness of Captain H to write to suo madre Mrs H (chi vita dans San Tomas Strad Porbocca) chi is marito to Amarante H.. desiring she to pay la quatro G to Mrs Snell for vostro uso. and if questa Lettera get safe into vostro mani, cosi also will la Lettera to Mrs H, which contains la order per vostro denario. Therefore voi have niente to do dopo la receipt de questa, but to call at Mrs Snels, and she will call at Mrs H per la danerio per voi. -- era una Lettera from me to Mrs Snell, et Mrs H Lettera. -- et questa, tutti veneti by la mesmo convayance. Io have requested Mrs Snell to dati la danerio personally to voi, -- qualque will hinder la torto persona from geting la denario, should questa Lettera get into improper mani, Et Io fati no doubt, quella if voi mostro questa Lettera to Mr Ellison or any other gallant omo, chi may be vostro prima Liogornente, when voi are at Spithead; quella they will have no objections to vostro going dans terreno, to get la danerio, quelque Io have mandato voi to compra [nissaries] con, at qualque Io shall continue to do, at different periods, as my Judgements may inform me of vostro wants; untill my arrival dans Ingellaterra, which will certainly be in June, July or August, for should the Lapwing continue in

(carryed to page one Hundred & forty Eight)


148

From page one Hundred & forty Seven

in the West Indias, and not go for Europe with the next May fleet; the preservation of my health, will induce me to quit His Majesty Service and take a passage to England. -- For the West Indias is to hott & sickly fo me Perhaps this, will get into your hands, before that Letter of mine, which is dated Nevis the 6th of September. I wrote, and Sealed that Letter, with the intend of puting it aboard the Chesterfeild packet at Tortola, as we Convoyed her from St. Kitts, towards that place: but in our Passage down; us, and the packet, were suddenly involved with strong, and daring symptoms of a sudden Huricane, which induced Captain H to abandon the packet, to ensure the safety of the Lapwing, who then had the Reefe of Anegada under her Lac, and not more than six miles from it. with the wind dead on it. Questa is la reason perque quella Lettera, is dated cosi longo avanti voi got it, era noi could not mettre any Lettera on boarda la Paquette. Vostro Lettera da cinquo giorna de June at Gurnesey, came into my hands at Nivio on la Cinquo giorna de Septembre. Voi must sempre expect Lettera to miscarry fra Ingellaterre & la WI. --Io therefore must disire voi to send me una Lettera every mesi. por if Io do not receive propper acknowledgements dans Letteri from voi; concerning quella Io mandato voi; it is tuttissimo impossible por me to madato peu; untill Io receive such accounts, --for my own part, Io shall give voi a poco lines, by la Packet qualque follows questa.
        Now I have to unsay, much that I said above, for all before this was wrote at Sea, -- on anchoring here (Basseterre) I found the Tamer was going home with the Convoy. So I altered my plan; particularly as the Captain left the Ship and went ashore the moment she anchored, so I had an uncertainty about his writing to his Mother, -- so is a new Lieutenant Johnson of the Tamer; who came out from England, in the Concord. I knew he would take charge of small parcel for me. So Io have packed up 14 Corona de Spana et otto Shillings in argento Inglese, and put it in a Tin Case; and directed it for you, at Mrs Snells, therefore call for it, and you will have it. Io have taken every precaution, for you to get this money into your own hands. -- for Io the have positively desired she, to give it to no person but yourself. I am sorry to inform you, quella our Bastimento is very sickly. several of our hale, healthy looking Lads, have died suddenly of fevers, within these 9 days. We have sent a number to the Hospital, where some have died also. -- My old Ship the Concord, is now refiting in English Harbor Antigua, She has been there about 4 weeks, since which time she has buryed 27 men, and has 98 sick in the Hospital at this time. -- Pray is not the biting colds of the English Channel, better than this Stove of a Country, where ones carcase is constantly kept softer than Dogs Body. In 14 days more, the Lapwing is going also into English Harbor, to have a thorough refit, to enable her to come to England, with the next May Convoy. -- but English Harbor is a place, where we get so boiled & roasted, that many of us ourselves, shall be turned into Dogs Body. -- I have made Mrs Snell a present of 2 small Jars of preserved Ginger by the Tamer. If I had had by me, any other Coins which are current in England, besides Dollars, I would a sent them, but the 14 Dollars and

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and the odd English argentum, was tutti the current coins of England, which I had at the time by me. The War will last 2 years longer, for I myself have subscribed 28 Days pay towards carrying it on, tell Humby I say so, but I think it will last 3 years more, from the first of next December. -- it positively will. A T

NB Sent by the Tamer who left Basseterre the 30 Oct 1798 and I since see, she arrived at Plymouth on Sunday the 23 of December following

answered on the 31 Dec'r 1798


152

Nota Sig pmats da p 465 Napoli Libro

da Avril la otto to la decinova de July Otanto otto Bastimento da Dania da Elbe arrive in San Tomaso. Dania guarda coasta killed some English privateers men. General B Licenced some dania Schooner to bring Cattle fm the Spanish main to Martinico &c Vanneau ici dopa a tempestous & unsuccessfull cruize. Guania omo without provisions, firing or Candles Concord in E Harbor 98 men in Sick List & la officers ici giornamenti dopa la omo quella runaway- Vengence ici also 203 omo dans mala lista. Exp'n to Surinam or Statia in agitation, soldato collecting in fort Royal. Victor disapointing nostri bright hopes, by sending nothing out questi Huricano mesi.
data San Johns Antigua 30 Oct 1798
mandato per la Tamer
Sig pmats No 159 Esquadra Strada

Tutti Carne fresco compra qui cost 16 [d] per lb. Shot so scarse, that le Amirale ordered quella per la future no shot should be put into a dead mans Hammock, to sink the body, but that Sand should by used for that purpose. Bathelemy.
Pitts Brother in Law, got by Captain Jas Pitt in 1783

_________________________

            Santa Jean 4th Averele 1798

Squadron of American frigates in 2 divisions stationed from Trinadad to the Virgin Isles mouts from 60 to 40 Guns. United States Washington, Constellation L'Insurgenti. Constitution, [Melpomene] & Ambrosia [as’t] Brigs & armed Schooners. Hansomest Ships of War, that ever were exhibited on Salt water. Yards of the United States as square as a Nintys. her keel as long as a Seventy fours. Captain caresed. gave Convoys. it being matter of great complaint heretofore against la Capitano of the omo de Guerna de Ingellaterre, who seldom gave Convoys, but generaly were to intend after prizes and thereby forgeting their original construction, which was solely for the protection of commerce. but in cases where Admiral could be personally applyed to. --always granted one
        I am sorry to remark to you that instances has already occured, where in distrust & Jealousy has been exchanged fra quelque officale Ingellaterre & Americano congress dubing Commodores. notro naval Captains pensee trappo surperbo and in compatable to the infancy of the American Navio Barry returned una Lettera della Captanio Ingellaterro unopened perque direct Captain nada Commodore I have it asserted that in 18 months more there will be a War between America & England, and that in 20 years more the Americans will have 8 of the English West India Islands

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157

[Bottom]

Tuesday 6 November. put up in 2 glass Bottles, a slice of Boiled Pork. and put to it, half water & half Lime Juice, in the other Bottle, 3 parts water and one part Lime Juice; in each I put a little pepper, but no Salt. -- In the West Indias, meats cannot be corned. but Soucing can be performed, with Lime Juice, which when done so, is as good as Corning, for Limes in the West Indias are so plentifull, that the Negroes scour the floors of rooms with them.

Ridgeway told me this morning, that I used more Ink, than I do Grog. which I think is paying me a Compliment.

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160

Journal from page One Hundred & fifty Nine

Friday 9 Nov'r 1798 continued.

Solomon. Ridgeway & Dyce Dined in the Caben. The present Admiral Harvey, was a Lieutenant with the late Lord Mulgrave, when he sailed on Discoveries. The following was part of the conversation to day at Dinner.
Solomon. -- My Father the Admiral, was in Northen Latitude, which is further than any man, was ever to the Northard before.
Doctor Ridgeway -- I beg your pardon Sir; I myself have been to Latitude 82 1/2 North, which is within Six & a half Degrees of the North Pole, we went so far Sir, that we ware stopped by a feild of ice, and also had a flaw of Ice on our Larboard Quarter, we thought we should be hemed in. We ware 4 days without seeing the Sun, on the fifth day, we got a good observations, when the Captain found possitively that we were in Lat. 82 & a half
Solomon -- You must mistake. how can you know, you are not a naval man.
Ridgeway -- I am certain of it Sir. -- I am sure of the Latitude, I put it down at the time in writing.
Solomon. I will not be contradicted. my Father must know better than you.
Ridgeway. Of that I have no doubt Sir than, but in this case, I know I am right. so that if Admiral Harvey has not been no further than you mention, I have been further North than your Father.
Solomon -- You certainly have been mistaken.

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161

Journal from page One Hundred & Sixty

Friday 9th November 1798 Continued

Dr. Ridgeway. No Sir, I am not. I put it all down. I remember it well.
Solomon. I never was so contradicted before. You must not persist.
Ridgeway. I ever will persist in the truth -- it is all truth Sir
Solomon -- I do suppose you cannot name the Ship you were in.
Ridgeway. Oh yes but I can, as you tell me I lye, I will write her name down: the Captains name, and name of her owners.
Solomon. It is best to drop the subject. you are to opinnionated.
Ridgeway. -- I am ready to drop it Sir, as soon as I have given you the Ships name, her owners names, and the other particulars
Solomon -- I want no other particulars, -- Here Jack bring me my Black Lead pencil, and I will write it down, I know on making enquiries, that your story is not true
Ridgeway. + But I know it is true Sir &c &c

+ By this, I see that the Captain cannot suffer to be contradicted, he asks a Gentleman to his Table, and because he chuses to support his oppinion, he is called a Liar -- A Midshipman is contradicted 40 times a day. -- but when the Midshipman is made a Captain, he is a mornarch in his own Ship. and the Gangway is generally the portion of those who contradict him. -- what a blessed thing it is to have the full & free use of the English Alphabet.

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165

[illustration]

Sick List of the Lapwing
9th November

John Webb. --------Cold
T Brown, pain in the side
Sam Millar. Veneral
Joseph Hilliar. -----Ague
Fred.k Hassel. Inflamed Thumb
Phillip Byland. Ulcerated Thigh
Julius Cremy. General Pains
Francis Taylor
William Richards} on Recovery
Mathew Surr

                                            Alexander Crear
                                            Surgeons Mate

Mr. Crear the Surgeons mate, was ordered not to walke the Quarter Deck for one month, for sporting with the commanding officer by presenting to him, on the 9 November 1798, the Sick List, wrote on a piece of paper: cut in the above shape of a Grave Stone.

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172

                                                                                      London No.55 St. James’s Street 4 September, 1798
Caro Arone
Ashamed am I to acknowledge, not having taken pen long ere this, had it been only to say, I had receive your friendly Letter dated Nevis Road 18 April last. As likewise the short one by Mr Hames, and another about the same time, but which I have some how or other mislaid, which indeed has been one principal reason of the delay, hoping daily to lay my hand on it but I cannot at present find it; therefore I hope if there is any point in that letter mentioned, which I do not notice, you will attribute it to the above circumstance. Io beg leave most heartily to congratulate voi, sopra vostro bouna success. I hope ere questa voi have added much to it. it will be comfortable robi per voi dunque voi may meet con otre crosses dans vita. As Io need not dati voi advise sopra quella capo, as vostro further experience dans life has taught voi to pensee different, Io fati no dubito, dunque when voi began life. so God send voi bouna saluta, et every otre comfort per a longo number de anni. to enjoy the fruits of your industry. Now I beg leave to observe that I received Trees G from Mr Maude on my Madri account, which I desired Mr John Price to pay her immediately, and of course it is done, he having money of mine in his hand at the time, as Rent from my Estate in Shropshire, he being my agent for the concern, and I believe a very faithfull one he is. The box came safe by Mr. Hames, but I dare say he was full 3 weeks, after the ship arrived in the Thames, before he could get that, and many other things of General C from the Custom House, but at last we had it safe, and free of expence, and he behaved very polite, and said some hansome things of you; and I in return, did what little matter I could, to return the compliment, he called (in his carriage nada sosi) several times and drank a few glasses of wine, and I at one time presented him with a Ticket for an Opera Box. He is now in the Country, and I was much astonished, no later than yesterday evening, in reading the Stamford Paper, to find that he had taken to him a wife; as the coppied paragraph will shew you, if you should not have heard of it before. – " On Saturday was marryed at St. Georges Bloomsbury John Hames Esqr late of Weekly in Northamptonshire, Port Captain, Harbor Master, and Naval Officer of His Majesty Colony of St. Lucia to Miss Burrows of Cheltenham. Mrs Thomas desires her best love to you, and is much obliged to you

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173

To you for the Shells: many of which are very curious, and will be preserved in remembrance of you. The Centepers are very filthy looking things. Nostra Madri Letter I received and immediately sent it in a franck to William, who was then in the Country. So I make no doubt but what she had it safe. Newspapers being now an article so expensive, that I, and most other Tradesmen, do not take them in as usual, therefore I have none of my own, but a person has promised to procure me a quantity, which I will forward immediately when I get them, would you like to have a Weekly paper sent to you every fortnight, I will do it with great pleasure if you think you can duely receive them. I suppose you will not be a little surprized to find that you have a new Nephew, within these few days. Mrs. Brunton was brought to Bed last week of a fine boy, and both she & the child are likely to do very well. I don’t know that I have any other family news to mention to you. William & Moses are tolerable well, I cannot say so much for myself, having not been to say well for the greatest part of the Summer, Mrs T and my four children are in good health. Francis your Godson is gone to the Boarding School but I don’t think he will ever live to make a man. Mrs T is now down at Reading, I cannot leave home, owing to being very bad off for Servants, although God knows we have but very little business doing this season of the year, and what with the badness of the crimes, and one thing or another, our business is almost cut up, as one may say, and I do not know where it will end, for the French have invaded Ireland, and landed it is supposed 2000 men, but Cornwallis was to give them battle on Friday last with a French force, and I make little doubt wilt give a good account of them, but they or few days before had made General lake retreat, and took from him a piece of cannon, but if the French are not joined by the country Phesantry. They will soon repent of their audacity. The place where the landed at was Shillala Bay & Sligo the NW part of Ireland. I have now said all that I at present recollect, but shall hope to hear from you very shortly. Nostri Madri and Mr Beaman is much the same at Wigmore. Richard Lewis has left Boultybroke and I understand is gone into Pardnership with his Brother in Law at Manchester Some thing in the factory way, he sold the lease of Boultybroke for 400 pounds Mrs. Lewis is still at Presteign. Mr. John Price & Mr. Trumper Kate’s husband was in London in April last for about nine days. Pray do not fail writing to me upon the receipt of this by the first Packet. There is no letter from you, from any part left at Williams. I will send you some of my cards in parcels with the newspapers. I remain caro Aarone, your very well wisher & very affe fratello JT.
NB received this letter at Fort Royal on the 13th November 1798, and it cost 4 Bitts, which is equal to 2/ Sterling.


174

Journal from page one hundred & Sixty Nine

Wednesday 21 Nov’r 1798 At 8 AM hove up Anchor passed the outer Capsettino, by us called Prince Ruperts Head, and by the French La Grand Morne. Saw the regiment of New Negroes march from the Capritteni going to do duty to Windward. Each man cost Goverment 35 Joes or [blank] Sterling.

At Breakfast Captain Harvey said that when Admiral Gardner came first out to the West Indies, he anchored in Douglas’s Bay to the N of Prince Rupert,s Bay & took it to be Prince Ruperts Bay that he had anchored in, and that Admiral Gardner took Marigallante, to be the Island of Dominica.
        Miss Ross has quited her estate, which lies to the S of Rollo’s head, and is gone to England to be marryed. She has 25 Negroes which she has let out at 3/ Currency a day, or Six Joes a year, which is equal to Eleven pounds two Shillings Sterling a year each Negro.
        All the wood which lies at the Back of Prince Ruperts Bay belongs to a Lawyer Winslow of Roseau. The wood is sold at 4 Dollars the Cord. 2 Dollars of which the Lawyer has for himself, and the other 2 Dollars he gives to a Negro man for cutting, delivering, and conveying the wood to the waterside.

At 4 PM ++ saw 2 large Sail to Leeward of Basseterre Guadelupe, at 5 they hoisted french colour, they were 2 frigates, a Brig, a Lugger & 2 Schooners -- made the Signal several times to the Ships lying at the Saints; that there was an Enemy of Superior force in sight. Recieved some shot from a fort on the N point of Guadelupe. + at 6 PM hauled our wind and stood towards the Saints. at 9 PM the Invincible of 74 Guns & the Pearl came out. spoke the Commodore. Between 6 & 11 PM run down the Shore all the forts Guadelupe firing at us, as we passed

+This fort is called Vieux fort; on Vieux Point
++Saw them first coming round the South point of Guadelupe.


175

Journal from page One Hundred and seventy four

Thursday 22 November, 1798. At daylight, saw one of the Frigates had anchored about 2 miles to the S of Basseterre. And the other frigate had anchored about 3 miles more to Leeward. At this time the Invincible & Pearl, were both a long way to Leeward in Chace of a small sail. At 8 AM the large frigate got under weigh, and tacked of & on with the Land close on board. endeavouring to work up to Basseterre. We also Tacked & Tacked towards her, she being to windward of us. at 10 AM she hoisted french Colours & gave us a Broadside, which we immediately returned. She gave us in all 3 Broadsides, and we returned her fire. The Forts occasionlly firing at us. several of her shots went over us but non bid us any damage. At 11 AM the Invincible made a Signal to speake us, which of course, drew us from the Enemy. at past 12 PM spoke the Invincible, the Captain went aboard, and there dined, the Pearl came up with a Brig, found, which she had recaptured, in our sight this morning. She was a dane, laden with Cattle and Lumber from St. Thomas’s bound to Granada, and had been captured by a french Sloop Privateer a few days before. At 5 PM sent Mr Tildersley & seven men aboard the Brig, to navigate her to St. Kitts, where we are going. at 6 the Captain came on board from the Invinciable, we bore up & He & the Pearl held their wind for the Saints.

Great complaints this day about the conduct of the Invincible, for being to Leeward, instead of Windward, for had she been to Windward this morning with us, we should a taken the 2 french frigates, the Brig. Lugger, and the 2 Sloops, and furthermore when we were receiving the fire of the frigate and the forts, the Invincible lay with her main Topsail aback, to Leeward, without making all the sail she could to our assistance &c
        The largest frigate wore a Broad pendant. and this morning was found at anchor at Desperes, about 2 miles to the S of Basseterre, the other frigate this morning, was found at Anchor at Beaugendee, more to the Southard of Basseterre, but afterwards got under weigh and anchored with the Commodore at Desperes

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178

Journal from page One Hundred & Seventy five

Thursday 22 November 1798 continued.

I learned by a Gentleman from the Pearl frigate who is aboard us this evening, that the reason why our Signals were not answered last night, was. Because Captain Cayley of the Invincible & Captain Ballard of the Pearl dined ashore at the Saints, and that no notice of the Signals from us was taken, untill the Pearls party of men, who attend a signal post ashore made the Signal for three large strange Sail being in sight, and that then a Boat was sent ashore for the Captains, who came off in about an hour afterwards. by which delay an opportunity was lost of capturing one, if not 2 of their Frigates

Friday 23 November 1798. last night spoke a Schooner from Antigua, for Martinico: commanded by a Black man, who when hailed; said he had got Patches for the Admiral. (read dispatches) they had heard that there was 2 french Frigates Cruizing. at 7 AM off Dedondo, took the Brig our Prize (called the Arm of St. Thomas's) in tow. Hove to off Nevis, a Boat was sent ashore, in which I was sent with a Letter to the President, giving him the news concerning Nelsons success in Rosetta Bay. At 4 PM anchored in Basseterre Roads. at 5 PM Charles fort at Nevis fired a salute of 17 Guns. found at the Post Office in Basseterre a small paper parcel containing about 20 Newspapers which came from England in the Weymouth Packet. it was charged Ten pounds twelve Shilling Sterling, for the carriage, but this enormous high charge, I refused to pay, as I new it contained nothing but Newspapers, so it will go back to England by the next packet

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179

Journal from page one Hundred & Seventy Eight

Saturday 24 November 1798. Went ashore at Daylight. landed in Tysons Bay, sent the 3 She Goats to Mr. Tysons Plantation. crossed Bluff point came through Fort Thomas into Basseterre. Breakfasted at Mrs. Wainrights came aboard at 1 PM. fired a Salute of 17 Guns on account of Nelsons success. The Ships Company were paid Prize for the Heads of prisoners, taken when Captain Barton had the Ship.

Sunday 25 Nov'r. That part of our Ships Company, which came out of the Concord, were paid 8 Joes & 4 Dollars & 2 Bitts; or fifteen pounds Seven Shilling Sterling aman, prize money for the Cosmopolite Danish Ship, captured on the 29th of September 1797 with french property on board, coming out of Guadulupe. Mr. Boy[s] the first Leiutenant who commanded her at the time, by the death of Captain Roberts; shared five Thousand 3 Hundred pounds sterling.

Monday 26. Last night Joseph Snoddy a Boatswain Mate, fell from off the Booms, where he was asleep, into the Cable Tier, and smashed himself so; that this morning at 6 AM he was sent ashore to the Hospital. At 12 MD Anchored here HM Ship Amphithrite, with a french Privateer Schooner her Prize. At 1 PM got under weigh. At 5 PM anchored in Nevis Roads, fired 17 Guns in honor of Admiral Nelson victory, which was returned by fort Charles, and 3 Privateers in the Road. We hoisted french, Dutch & Spanish Colours, with the English Colours over them. -- at 7 PM. all hands were piped to splice the main Brace, to which the Ships company gave 3 Cheers; in return to the Captain ordering each man the half Pint of Rum. -- Charleston Illuminated, and threw up some Rockets. -- Two men have been killed in this Ship by falling off Deck, into the Cable Tier. this evening Mr. Spence ordered the Gratings of the Main Hold to be put on every night: Which fullfills the old saying, "after the stead is stolen; we Lock the Stable Door.

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180

Journal from page One Hundred and Seventy Nine

Tuesday 27 November 1798. The President & family had a bait on board. We fired another Salute in honor of Nelsons Victory, which was returned by the Fort. -- at 2 PM went ashore in the Gig.

Wednesday 28 Nov'r. At 8 AM got under weigh, I was aboard an American Sloop of Newhaven. Her name the Lively, bought out of her 2 live Sheep for which I gave five Dollars & a half each. -- At 9 AM passed by an American Convoy, under Convoy of HMS Perdrix. Anchored in Nevis Roads HM Ship Amphitrite, to wood & water. Last night Mr Tripe sent for 5 Bottles of Porter & drank it all himself, by it, he got very Tipsey, and in the night he s..t upon the skylight which overlooks the Captains Caben.

Thursday 29th At 7 AM saw several strange Sail. gave Chace. At 10 AM one hove too, and hoisted french Colours, which she pulled down again. hoisted out a Boat, got the Prisoners out of the Prize. Sent Mr Tildersley, and Six men in charge of her. Her name La Revenge; a Schooner pierced for 8 Guns, had 2 only aboard, was from St. Thomas's, bound to Guadulupe, was Chaced last night by the Pearl, who lost her in the night, and this morning fell in with two English Privateers, who was -- Chacing her, when she fell in with us, but on seeing us and knowing she should be taken by our Privateers, she made for us; knowing she should be used better, by striking to a frigate, then if she had fallen into the clutches of a plundering Privateer. -- She was Laden with Bale Goods.
        At 12 MD. punished Samuel Andrews, Captain of the Forecastle, Larboard Watch with Nine Lashes for Drunkenness and Joseph Payne, the Pursers Steward Mate, with 6 Lashes for leaving a Jacket on the main deck.

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Journal from page one Hundred & Eighty

[sidenote] On the new mode of slacking the Riging. or shaking upples.

[sidenote] Catched a f...t but could not hold it as it sliped through his fingers

Friday 30 November 1798. At 5 AM anchored here in Basseterre Roads. found here the Perdrix. Our prize the french Schooner La Revanche, which we took yesterday, is come to a good market, as the Bale goods which she has in, are very scarse. -- at 3 PM anchored here HM Brig Requim. at 5 PM got under weigh, lay to off Tyson Bay, where a Boat went to fetch the Captain off from the shore. Phillips from the Perdrix was aboard us.

Saturday 1 December 1798. At 9 AM spoke a Schooner very close to redondo, from Nevis, bound to Antigua. at 5 PM saw St. Batholomew's
Mr. Craer, the Surgeons mate, got a little merry last night, and so fare made a mistake, as to be found this morning in Lieutenant Sheppard Caben, inside the Gunroom, and in his Cott; fast asleep.

Sunday 2nd & Monday the 3 Cruizing to the Norard of Barbuda. at 5 P.M. on Monday, saw St. Bartholomews. -- This day served out to the Ships Company, a great variety of Cutlery; such as Knives, Needles, Sissars, Buttons, Spoons, Snuff Boxes &c. all of which came out of La Revanche our prize Schooner.

Tuesday 4 December. At 4 PM, Saw St. Batholomews. one of the Enemies Cruizers laying off there, with her foresail [brailed] up &

Wednesday 5th Was aboard the American Brig (under Danish colours) called the Tothil of St. Croix from Boston bound to Santa Cruz. Bought out of her a Barrel of Apples for 3 Dollars

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182

                                                                                      29 November 1798
Caro fratello
I have time to write but a very short Letter, but I thought I it better to write a short one, than loose the opportunity of this Packet, Your Letter dated the 4 September, came into my hands at fort Royal on the 12 Novermber, and the Bundle of Newspapers were presented to me at St Kitts on the 24 of the same month, but concerning them, there is a strange tale to tell, what do you think the carriage cam to, -- you will perhaps say half a Guinea: -- they were charged Ten pounds 18/Sterling. -- yes Ten pound Eighteen Shilling Sterling was the costo, which they were charged with, so knowing that the contents could not be more than 50 Newspapers, I refused to take the parcel. the consiquence is, that it will be sent to Lombard Street, and opened, and returned to you, but that you will have nothing to pay. I am sorry your good intentions in oblidging me has turned out so, but the old saying is most assuredly a very true one; Viz. "That the longer we live, the wiser we get. I thank you for proposing to send me Weekley paper, but from this disapointment, I am determined to have no Newspaper sent particularly for me. Newspapers do come to this Country postage free, if carryed to the Sceretary office open, and franked by him, at the General Post Office. The Post Master at St. Kitts tells me, that the post Master at Falmouth supposed the parcel to contain the assignments &c of a West India Estate, and made the charge accordingly. I thank you for sending Mrs Beamans money, I am afraid she must not be very well off, as Mr Beaman continues infirm. Your yearly allowance to her, I am afraid falls short of a propper support. pray make your free observations on her situation to me in your next, which I hope to have, in 4 months from this date dunque mentioned short account of the 2 french frigates. una dati noi Trees Broadsides, & we returned them the same favour. took a french Schooner in sight of Guadulupe &c this day. I have heard of Nelsons success, and am very much pleased at the Advantages which he has gained, by reason, that I know it will be a cause to prolong the War, for 3 years longer. My respects to Mrs T. William and his Lady, and also to Mrs Brunton. I dreamed last night that

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183

That, I thought I saw Moses on the eve of death, in his bed, and the vexation of seeing him in that situation awakened me. pray write on receipt of this, and if I have time, I shall add a Nota Bene yet. from your very well wisher &c A T
NB This Letter was put into the Post office at Basseterre the 30th of November 1798

In the Box. carry to Europe by the Naval Officer of St. Lucia for me, to Mr J T and which went in the Alfred in May 1798. was some Shells gathered at Nevis, in 1797. Some preserved Centipees. -- Some small Callepashes, and some St. Kitts Newspapers. They were delivered in London in the following August free of every expence by Mr. Haimes


184

                                                                                      Vanneau Ingelleterre Porto. 10 January 1799

Rapaz, Eu agora scritura encore. As you were long at Lisbon I have begun with a puzzle in La Lingua Portuguse.
According to my promise in my Letters dela Sesto Septembre et mio Lettera dela Venti nuovo de Ottobre Ultime, I employ an hour in writing a few lines to you, hoping before this gets into vostri mani, quella voi have received La Quartodeci Corona de Espana, et la outre argento from Mrs P quelque io mandato per Loegemente J dela fragita Remat. Io write this for the purpose, that if my other & Letters have miscarryed I give a Trial to a third to get to you. at the same time I tell you voi, untill Io receive una dela vio. -- Io shall now dati voi as poco advice, et dopa quella perhaps Io may attempt to dati Vostri Messmates a few dashes of witt; by quelque Io mean, quella voi may make quella usa de questa Lettera voi please.
        Vostro Lettera de Guigno Cinquo dati onci a bad sample of your writing much worse, than you used to do. Agora era fare as relates to voi, et myself. Io will tell voi, quella voi have to trust to, if Io come to Ingellterre dans any part dela Anno 1799 ou nella la Anno 1800. Io shall take voi fora dela College; et dati voi una anno Scolastico, to apprendre voi navagazione, et questa expence Io reckon at will be fra Cinquanta our Setanta G. now as Nelson has destroyed the Toulon fleet, makes me almost certain, that the War will last for 3 years more, from this month. voi therefore have to esperanza quella vostro Colledge, may be nella Angelterre dunque Io arrive. for should sua be mandata abroad, dunque Io am coming home, Io shall not be able to get voi fora, but if La Guerra sho'd last 3 anni piu. Io see no vio da vita, quella will be so well adapted per voi as a mare vita. Et if voi do not fazem yourself patrone de navigazione, Io am afraid quella la una mezzo de vostro existance, will be innazi La Mats de uno omo de Guerra, but if voi make yoursel patrone de navigazione (a apprender quelque Io shall furnish vio con la means Io can certainly say, voi will stand una buona chance for an Officers Birth. -- voi may il riso. -- but had Io apprendre Navigazione Larimda Yevrah wo'd a fazem mio un Patrone dela Rey Ingelterre uomo de guearra. Io can tell you, quella fm mio situatizone, Io can demando una favour of Larimda Yevrah. et suo intrest is such, quella liu could easyly procure voi, La Birth de Terzo ou Quarto official nella una L'orient indien, but voi must prima intendre navigazione. Io therefore forti tell voi, to guarda vostri mani inannzi, cosi as not to loose la bouna mani quelque voi una volta wrote.

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Et dunque voi permissione l'Collegio voi futur be placed a Bouna Ecole, per a sufficient length de tempo, cosi as a fazem voi patrone de navigatione; dunque I demando concerning voi inannzi la Colligio, I expect to hear de voi being una Rexob, et also to be quella most mare Ragazza are, but Io conosco Io shall here de voi continuing onesta. If a mare vita is not deemed a propper object, there is one other alternative left,quelque is to be stipular per Trees anni at Mahgnimrib, to some travaglio inannzi argento. Spadajo, Orogo. Acciajo. et una cento outre professions. Per Io conosco many giovani Ragazzi chi have done cosi, et are agora doing moltissimo bene. To be sure Mahgnimrib has mandato many Soldato et matelot questa guerra to mare, but they are generally giovane fanciuollo chi corriere via dela their professioni, to see life as it is called, but voi will have the advantage of them, as voi have seen life at mare, con tutti its Sweets and bitters, Io have laid these thoughts before voi, per vostro reflection, untill Io see voi, and as banging ou thrashing is very common in all Colligio if you should have the misfortune, to get a few thumbs from Doctor Wills of Wadham College, dunque andare abasse, and read my proposals circa intendre navigazione. Et if voi should meet con la worse misfortune, de being held a poco to tight at la Gnitarg, ou being a poco to close to a Cannone, dopo la ceremony is finito andare abasse; et read mio proposal for guarda voi clear, dela such like robi, inannizo future Guerrai. for if mio Dio spared mio vita, to send mio a Ingellaterri, next Estate. ou if it should be suo pleasure, to guarda mio ici, untill a guerra finito, and at either of those periods Io meet con voi: it shall be vostro fault. if Io do not mettre una of mio propasal inannzi execution concerning voi. Io therefore hold fora bouna encouragement to voi, to keep your mani inannzi escrivando a poco lines every week (mesi) voi shall be no looser by it. You generally are 3 or 4 days in coming from Cuxhaven to Yarmouth, and this is the periods in which your Letters ought to be composed, for inannzi vostro present sutuation, I well know the bustle which attends your first coming into London and that the mind cannot be easy to write, in a public Hotell. for my own part I by no Means call myself settled Captain Harvey is like what all men are, who from thirty pounds a year, suddenly come into the possession of 3 or 4 Thousand a year. He is all Verjuice, Lemon Juice, and vinegar for one month, and perhaps for one day out of that time, he will show a little of the Mollasses & Treacle, His officers when they speake to him have their countinances, as regular & as fixed; as the Head of the Indian Cheife, which is fixed on your College. Upon an average we flog two men in 3 weeks, but we have had many heavy squals amongst the Officers we have at this time, our Boatswain & Surgeon in confinement for Drunkenness, and both will have Court martials; when like Ash, each will be broke. There is una reflection inanzi voi, quelque often hurts me, dunque voi was con me in Boulonge, voi had general una fresco bouna convito each giornal but the case cannot be so agora. questa simple circumstance sometimes make me tornedo, quella voi will blame me per puting voi where you now are. But however arosta Agnello et insalata, will have a better relish dunque voi finally leave College. Therefore bear up. You will, like your fellow Collegians, triumph over all dry papers. But stick to the College, alway side with the Professors, and keep out of all [illegible] Companies.

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innanzi addition to la claim, quelque Io hav to vostro being degrahcsid L'Bastimento, dela circumstance de mio being la real causa, de portato voi aboarda. Innanzi order to fati vostro mente facile, Io will tell voi la interest, by quelque Io shall take voi fora la Collegio, provided voi sho'd be dans Ingellaterre dunque Io arrivee la. it is on l'favorole Count Boydrof. Amirante Giardiniere et la sotto Y of Greenwich Ospitale. Io have not a dubito, circa effecting vostro release without demando Niatpac Salguod permissione. -- provided quella voi, yourself bramare per it. therefore mention vostro Gramare sopra quella capo innanzi vostro next Lettera, noi are venee inanzi ici, to be Hove down, et to be nuvoa coppored. noi came dans on natal jour, since which Io have got every robi belonging to la Captina dans terrena, et noi vita inanzi la Caza called La Amiranti Caza, quelque is very much such an otre Caza as La Amirante Caza at Santa Jean dan terrenuvoa. La Bastimento has tutti robi fora of her, there not being a Qt of Ballast in sua Hold, and which has been clean sweeped. Noi expect not to be fit for Sea ancore, untill the last week in next Marco. Questi is una very unhealthy place. I expect to loose about 40 of our omo- avanti noi get cut of it. dans la prima parti mio Lettera, Io said Io wo'd attempt a few dashed at wit, -- but Io have not tempi mio respts to Mr Thomas Carlew. Io tell voi once pui, quella questi is la untimo Lettera quelque Io shall escrando to voi. --Untill Io receive una from voi. from Vosstri &c A T
NB Io have got questa Lettera francked dans suehavia. quella Io pensee it will venee free, but it is the Clerk que[tta] has francked it from a direction given him by me.
Mandata alla Santa Jean per Capt Blake of the 59 Regiment on Sabato la Duedeci January, and went for Europe in the Princess Royal Packet Captain Skinner, who left St. Johns on the 25 January 1799

Answered on the 20th March & received it in the W I 24th of the following May