Resource Type: Reference
Alexander, Robert Jackson. Presidents of Central America, Mexico, Cuba, and Hispaniola: Conversations and Correspondence. Westport, CN: Praeger, 1995.
This is an index to Alexander's interviews with Latin American Presidents, including Cuban Presidents Carlos Prío Socarrás and Fidel Castro.

Alexander, Robert Jackson, and Jody Pavilack and David A. Sartorius Modern Cuba: Indexes of the Robert J. Alexander Interview Collection. Durham, NC: Duke-UNC Program in Latin American Studies, 1999.
This is an important reference work for researchers interested in elite political figures. The manual indexes 665 interviews conducted by Dr. Robert J. Alexander over the course of his 50 year career as a Latin Americanist and Professor of Economics at Rutgers University. Many moderate political leaders from the 1952-1965 period are included. Alexander titles his interviews with the name and position of the interviewee. With many of the interviewees there are multiple interviews at intervals. It is interesting to see how Alexander's choice of descriptions change over time particularly with those who broke with the revolutionary leadership.

Alfonso, Pablo M. Los fieles de Castro. Miami, FL: Ediciones Cambio, 1991.
This is a directory with short biographies and photos of the persons at the highest levels of the Cuban Communist Party at the time of its 4th Congress. Included are resolutions of the Congress.

Alfonso, Pablo M. Los ultimos Castristas: Quienes son?. Caracas: Centro de Documentacion y Formacion, Ediciones STC, 1998.
This volume gives the names, photos and short biographies of the members of the Central Committee of the Cuban Communist Party and analyzes the changes in composition compared to the 4th Party Congress.

Alisky, Marvin. Latin American Journalism Bibliography. Mexico City: Fondo de Publicidad Interamericana, 1958.
Although Alisky's work covers Latin America in general, he has done a thorough job of listing items on the post-revolutionary treatment of the press in Cuba including reference to those news sources with a moderate editorial point of view.

Beruvides, Esteban M. Cuba y su presidio político. Coral Gables, FL: 12th Avenue Graphics, 1994.
This is a directory of known political prisoners in Cuba organized by year from 1959 to 1993. It does not claim to be exhaustive but contains over 20,000 names, dates of arrest, case number and length of sentence arranged alphabetically. There is also a set of biographies of prominent prisoners and a series of photographs of some prisoners.

Beruvides, Esteban M. Cuba, anuario histórico. Coral Gables, Fl: 12th Ave. Graphics, 1996.
This volume is one in an irregular series published by Beruvides containing a day-by-day chronology of prominent events featured in Cuban newspapers. An excellent reference.

Beruvides, Esteban M. Cuba: los crímenes impunes de Fidel Castro. Miami, FL: Colonial Press International, 1999.
This is a compilation of what the author considers to be the worst political crimes committed since 1959.

Beruvides, Esteban M, and Arsenio Parodi and Ilario Morfa Vilariño Cuba y sus mártires. Coral Gables, FL: 12th Avenue Graphics, 1993.
One of several volumes by the author who has dedicated himself to cataloging events and deaths in Cuba since the insurrection. Each of the volumes is a partial but substantial reference source. This particular volume contains photos of 300 'fusilados' (persons summarily executed during the first years after January 1, 1959), together with a listing of political deaths since 1959 which includes the persons name, date of death, method of execution, place of execution and place of birth.

Charno, Steven M. Latin American Newspapers in United States Libraries; A Union List Compiled in the Serials Division, Library of Congress. Austin, TX: Conference on Latin American History by the University of Texas Press, 1969.
Like Gropp's earlier work (Gropp, 1953), Charno's union list, while larger, more detailed and including a decade of post-revolutionary material, is sufficiently out-of-date to serve only as a starting point in tracing the whereabouts and extent of newspaper holdings for the 1952-1965 era. Those seeking primary sources of moderate political views will be particularly interested in locating newspapers such as 'El Avance Criollo,' 'Combate' and 'El Crisol,' Since these papers continued in exile and in Cuba, the matched pairs of continued newspapers document an ongoing critique.

Chilcote, Ronald H, and Sheryl Lutjens Cuba, 1953-1978: A Bibliographic Guide to the Literature. White Plains, NY: Kraus International Publications, 1986.
This bibliography is as complete as any for the time period covered and researchers will want to consult it frequently. It does, however, give scant coverage of moderates and their organizations.

Dossick, Jesse J. Cuba, Cubans and Cuban-Americans, 1902-1991: A Bibliography. Coral Gables, FL: North-South Center University of Miami, 1992.
The bibliography contains citations to 900 dissertations from Canada, England and the United States. Alas, the citations are not annotated. They are well organized by discipline and appropriate sub-headings.

Enciclopedia y Clásicos Cubanos, inc. La Enciclopedia de Cuba. San Juan, PR: Enciclopedia y Clásicos Cubanos, 1975.
This is a fourteen volume set that includes useful bibliographies and indexes. Listed below are the titles of the various volumes. 1. Poesía. 2. Prosa. Teatro. 3. Novela. Costumbrismo. 4-5. Historia. 6. Prosa de guerra. Sociedad. Filosofía. 7. Arquitectura. Artes plásticas. Música. 8. Geografía. Folklore. Educación. Economía. 9. Municipios: Pinar del Río. La Habana. 10. Municipios: La Habana. Matanzas. 11. Municipios: Las Villas. Camagüey. 12. Municipios: Oriente. 13-14. Gobiernos republicanos

Esquenazi-Mayo, Roberto. A Survey of Cuban Revistas, 1902-1958. Washington, DC: Library of Congress, 1993.
Esqunazi-Mayo's bibliography focuses primarily on literary journals and only six years overlap with the time period of the present bibliography but A Survey of Cuban Revistas is such an excellent work that it is useful for its description of journals of general social interest. The work covers all those Cuban journals and magazines held at the U.S. Library of Congress at the time of publication.

Fernandez Santalices, Manuel. Cuba: Catolicismo y sociedad en un siglo de independencia. Caracas, Venezuela: Organization Democrata Cristiano de America (ODCA), 1996.
This is a chronology of the Church in Cuba between 1895-1995. Major events in the Church, civil society and government are noted. There is a great deal of detail about the Church/State relationship that is not to be found elsewhere. Also, a list is presented of famous clergy born in Cuba along with a listing of all Cuban representatives to the Vatican. A unique and useful reference.

Fontanills, Maria R and Eduardo Fontanills. Directorio Social de la Habana. La Habana: Impresores P. Fernandez, 1957.
The Directorio is a very useful reference for tracing the genealogy of political activists on all sides of Cuban politics if they came from the elite classes prior to 1959. It was published annually in Cuba from 1922 until 1957 and continued in exile.

Fort, Gilberto V. The Cuban Revolution of Fidel Castro Viewed from Abroad; An Annotated Bibliography. Lawrence, KS: The University of Kansas Library, 1969.
Fort has compiled and annotated Spanish and English language books and pamphlets (omitting serials) published in the Americas (omitting Cuba and Canada,) dealing with the topic of the Cuban Revolution. Many interesting ephemeral documents are referenced. In his Foreword, written in 1969, Charles Stansifer points out that 'the polemicists dominate the literature.' Indeed, many of the items shed more heat than light and many are right wing tracts. There are, however, quite a few moderate groups represented, including works by Aureliano Sanchez Arango, founding documents for Unidad Revolucionaria and others.One chapter is devoted to materials from 'Opposition Groups in Exile.' Other chapters include, Pre-revolutionary Cuba; Revolution; Bay of Pigs; October 1962 crisis and aftermath; Fidel Castro; Exporting the revolution; Diplomatic relations; International organizations and the Cuban problem; Economic and social conditions; Law and justice; Religious persecution; Education; Fiction and poetry

Franklin, Jane. The Cuban Revolution and the United States: A Chronological History. Melbourne, Australia: Ocean, 1992.
Franklin has prepared a compendium of significant dates and activities from 1492 to 1990. The period from 1492-1958 is covered in 16 pages with only 2 pages covering 1952-1958. The post-1959 entries provide some information on the fate of counterrevolutionary groups and personalities involved in the resistance groups and is a good reference for the tone and content of US-Cuban relations in the 1959-1965 period.

Gropp, Arthur E. Union List of Latin American Newspapers in Libraries in the United States. Washington, DC: Department of Cultural Affairs, Pan American Union, 1953.
Gropp's bibliography of Latin American newspapers is a standard though outdated source. It is useful in tracing the whereabouts of publications though the original citation may simply be the first stop on a treasure hunt.

Gropp, Arthur E, and C. K Jones A Bibliography of Latin American Bibliographies. Metuchen, NJ: Scarecrow Press, 1968.
A greatly enlarged and updated version of the work of the same title compiled by C. K. Jones and published in 1942. It was followed by supplements in 1971 and 1979.

Jimenez, Guillermo. Enciclopedia economica de Cuba republicana. Miami, FL: Ediciones Universal, 2000.
This very interesting reference book contains listings of all the businesses operating in Cuba in 1958 giving their size, owner, number of employees and other useful data.

Johnson, Peter T, and Francisco Fonseca and Edna Van Ness Guide to the Princeton University Latin American Microfilm Collection. Wilmington, DL: Scholarly Resources Inc., 1992.
This Collection covers many Latin American countries and is further divided among multiple subjects. The pertinent reels reviewed for this bibliography are those on Cuba in the following sub-areas; Socioeconomic conditions, Politics 1950-1962 and Foreign relations. The system for organizing the Collection is well considered and clear. For more details on the Collection see entry under Princeton University Latin American pamphlet collection.

Johnson, Peter T, and Francisco J Fonseca Cuba, from Colony to Revolution: A Bibliography of Microforms. Austin, TX: SALAM, University of Texas Austin, 1996.
While this bibliography does not include any exile publications, it is useful in locating microfilm of pertinent newspapers and demographic sources.

Jorge, Antonio, and Jaime Suchlicki and Adolfo Leyva de Varona Cuban Exiles in Florida: Their Presence and Contributions. Coral Gables, FL: University of Miami North-South Center, 1991.


Lent, John A. Bibliography of Cuban Mass Communications. Westport, CN: Greenwood Press, 1992.
Given the importance of changes in and control of the media to cuban politics, Lent's book is a wonderful source of information.

Lent, John A. Cuba's Comic Art Tradition. Tucson, AZ: University of Arizona Press, 1995.
Lent analyzes the political caricatures in Cuba from the 1800s to the 1990s. He profiles major cartoonists and the papers and magazines for which they worked. He discusses magazines from the 1952-1965 era including Zig-Zag, Dedete and Chispa presenting analysis on the use of cartoons for national development and propaganda purposes.

Loroña, Lionel V, and Arthur E. Gropp A Bibliography of Latin American and Caribbean Bibliographies, 1985-1989 : Social Sciences and Humanities. Metuchen, NJ: Scarecrow Press, 1993.
This is Supplement no. 5 to Arthur E. Gropp's A Bibliography of Latin American bibliographies and Includes indexes.

Loroña, Lionel V, and Arthur E. Gropp A Bibliography of Latin American Bibliographies, 1980-1984 : Social Sciences and Humanities. Metuchen, NJ: Scarecrow Press, 1987.
Lorona's work is a supplement to Arthur E. Gropp's A bibliography of Latin American bibliographies. It is the third supplement to both the 1968 and 1976 main works and Includes indexes.

Marti, Biblioteca Nacional Jose. Bibliografia cubana. La Habana: Consejo Nacional de Cultura, 1921-.
This is the standard national bibliography of Cuba and a great source for hard to find materials. The section on Social Science will be particularly helpful. It is a continuation of the Bibliografia cubana del siglo XX, 1900-1916 by Carlos M. Trelles.

Martinez-Fernandez, Luis, et al. Encyclopedia of Cuba : people, history, culture. Westport, CN: Greenwood Press, 2003.
This recently published encyclopedia has a section on the Republican era but it fails to present entries on the major civil society groups and insurrectionary forces of the time having no entry for the Sociedad de Amigos de la Republica or the Directorio Revolucionario. The historical actors in this volume are divided strictly between Batista and the M-26-7.

Mesa, Rosa Quintero. Cuba. Ann Arbor, MI: University Microfilms, 1969.
This is a union list of periodicals from and about Cuba prepared under a grant from the Ford Foundation.

Mesa, Rosa Quintero. Latin American Serial Documents: A Holdings List. Ann Arbor, MI: University Microfilms, 1968.
A listing of Latin American periodicals held in the U.S. that is now outdated but, nevertheless, useful in finding materials. Volume 3 deals with Cuba

Mota, Francisco. Para la historia del periodismo en Cuba: un aporte bibliográfico. Santiago de Cuba: Editorial Oriente, 1985.


Peraza Sarausa, Fermín. Diccionario biografico cubano. La Habana:1956.
Diccionario biografico cubano is a complement to Sarausa's Cuban Personalities. The latter contains biographical information on living Cubans of public importance. The former gives biographical information on public figures who have died. There is an index in each volume and a separate cumulative index. Begun in Cuba in 1957, the series continued until 1965 containing only entries for Cubans in exile after 1959. It is an excellent source for short biographies of political figures

Peraza Sarausa, Fermin. Directorio de archivos y museos de Cuba. Coral Gables, FL: University of Miami Press, 1968.
This is the 1968 edition of a directory giving the location and contents of major archives and museums in Cuba on that date. It is organized alphabetically by Province and then City. A new directory edited by Louis A. Perez is expected in 2003 and should provide a much needed update.

Peraza Sarausa, Fermín. Personalidades cubanas. Gainesville, FL:1964.
Cuban Personalities is a complement to Sarausa's Diccionario biografico cubano. The former contains biographical information on living Cubans of public importance. The latter gives biographical information on public figures who have died. There is an index in each volume and a separate cumulative index. Begun in Cuba in 1957, the series continued until 1965 containing only entries for Cubans in exile after 1959. It is an excellent source for short biographies of political figures.

Peraza Sarausa, Fermín. Revolutionary Cuba, A Bibliographical Guide 1966. Coral Gables, FL: University of Miami Press, 1967.
Dr. Fermin Peraza Sarausa was the Director of the Municipal Library of Havana from 1933 to 1960 and a founder of the School of Library Science at the University of Havana. Between 1937 and 1960 he was the editor of the Anuario bibliografico cubano, the national bibliography of Cuba. In exile, he resumed this task under the title Revolutionary Cuba, A Bibliographical Guide intending to produce a volume annually but he died in1968, leaving his daughter, Elena V. Peraza, a distinguished bibliographer in her own right, to continue the work.The book lists books, booklets, and pamphlet materials published by or about Cuba. A great source for the written production of moderate groups.

Peraza Sarausa, Fermín, and Elena Vérez Peraza Directorio de revistas y periódicos de Cuba. La Habana: Ediciones Anuario Bibliografico Cubano, 1942.
Publication of this union list of journals and newspapers was suspended 1954-1962 Volumes for 1942-53 were published in Havana; for 1963-67 in Gainesville, Florida.

Pérez, Louis A. A Guide to Cuban Collections in the United States. New York, NY: Greenwood Press, 1991.
Within this volume Perez gives a general description of those Special Collections in the U.S. that mention Cuba in their holdings. Using Perez' work as a guide, the author contacted those collections that mention materials related to politics and/or the 1952-1965 period, requesting more detail about holdings relevant to the present bibliography. Expanded narrative responses or finding aids were obtained from the collections listed below. Not all sources responded and Perez's compilation is still the most comprehensive source for finding special collections related to Cuba. Responses were received from: Columbia University, Dartmouth College, Earlham College, Mississippi State University,Princeton University, Rutgers University, State Historical Society of Wisconsin, University of Miami and University of Wyoming. Annotated entries are listed for these sources as well as others by institution in the Archives section of this bibliography.

Pérez, Louis A. Cuba: An Annotated Bibliography. New York, NY: Greenwood Press, 1988.
A general bibliography that strives to present a balanced compilation of the literature on Cuba: between pre-revolutionary and post- revolutionary, between Cuban and non-Cuban. It consists of over 1,000 annotated entries in a subject arrangement, including English and Spanish books, articles, and journals.

Pérez, Louis A. The Cuban Revolutionary War, 1953-1958: A Bibliography. Metuchen, NJ: Scarecrow Press, 1976.
This bibliography is a good source of materials written by major Cuban magazines such as Carteles and Bohemia on events related to the M-26-7. It contains only articles and has few documents outside of the main Cuban sources and publications of the M-26-7..

Piedracueva, Haydée, and Arthur E. Gropp A Bibliography of Latin American bibliographies, 1975-1979 : Social Sciences and Humanities. Metuchen, NJ: Scarecrow Press, 1982.
This volume is supplement no. 3 to Arthur E. Gropp's A bibliography of Latin American bibliographies. It is the second supplement to both the 1968 and 1976 main works and includes indexes.

Ruiz, Leovigildo. Diario de una traición; Cuba 1959. Miami, FL: Florida Typesetting of Miami, 1965.
Originally intended for annual publication,this 'Anuario' exists in four volumes those for 1959, 1960, 1967 and 1970. Each one offers a valuable compilation of events in Cuba. The editor has simply selected major news events, day-by-day, and listed them. Sources include:From Cuba: Granma, El Mundo, Juventud Rebelde, Bohemia, Cuba, Verde Olivo, Revista Economica y Panorama Economico Latinoamericano. Outside Cuba: Diario las Americas, La Agencia de Informaciones Periodisticas, Miami Radio Monitoring Service. The 1967 volume records that as late as 8 August 1967 counterrevolutionary, politically moderate groups were being located and arrested inside Cuba. The activities of public officials, incursions by exile groups, famous defections and economic production milestones are recorded, among other things.

Sobel, Lester A. Castro's Cuba in the 1970s. New York: Facts on File, 1978.
This is a reference book that compiles entries on Cuba from Facts on File, surveys of newspapers and other media sources. Although the volume is outside the time period of this study, it is useful for tracking the historical evolution of democratic leftist groups such as the MRR, MRP that were prominent in the 1960's. The section on prisoners and human rights is particularly useful in this regard.

Soto Acosta, Jesús. Bibliografía 'prensa clandestina revolucionaria,' 1952-1958. La Habana: Biblioteca Nacional José Martí, 1965.
This bibliography presents the underground literature during the Cuban insurrection.

Suchlicki, Jaime. Historical Dictionary of Cuba. Metuchen, NJ: Scarecrow Press, 1988.
This is a useful volume for researchers wishing to read biographies of political actors or to review brief background histories of organizations, historical events and places.The editor includes a chronology of major historical events from 1492 to 1985.

United States Central Intelligence Agency. Directory of Personalities of the Cuban Government, Official Organizations, and Mass Organizations. Washington, D.C.: Central Intelligence Agency, 1974.
Just as the title suggests, this is an administrative directory of the Cuban government and its mass organizations. It was compiled under U.S. government contract by an independent research group that derived information from review of Cuban daily newspapers. It contains the names, job titles and brief biographies of thousands of officials. It has hierarchical, organizational and name indexes. Unfortunately there is no recent edition.

Varona, Esperanza Bravo de. Cuban Exile Periodicals at the University of Miami Library: An Annotated Bibliography. Madison, WI: Seminar on the Acquisition of Latin American Library Materials, 1987.
Esperanza Varona has prepared an annotated bibliography of the Univeristy of Miami’s holdings of periodicals directed, edited or published by Cubans in exile. Formats include newspapers, broadsides, magazines and bulletins. Content covers a broad range of exile life.

Varona, Esperanza Bravo de. Posters of the Cuban Diaspora: A Bibliography. Albuquerque, NM: SALALM Secretariat General Library University of New Mexico, 1993.
The Cuban Heritage Collection at the University of Miami contains a large and varied group of posters printed both in and outside of Cuba and covering a wide span of time. This is a steadily growing collection and many items have been added since publication of the bibliography in 1993.

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